Eyes are one of the most overtly vulnerable ones of your sensory organs and injury to the eye is something that you can’t prevent fully. So, here are some of the different scenarios and the first aid you should administer in them:
Blow to the eye
Eye trauma can be of many types. A direct blow to the eye is one of them. The appropriate first aid steps to take here are-
- Put a cold compress to your eye for 5 to 10 mins with gentle pressure to prevent further harm.
- Change it with a warm compress after 24 hours.
- Call your doctor to further examine the seriousness and the extent of damage caused by the blow. Symptoms that warrant calling a doctor include changed vision, constant pain, bleeding, and other abnormalities.
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A foreign object falling in the eye
The eyelashes and eyelids prevent foreign objects from falling into your eyes, and the eye usually cleans itself of any impurities. But when something does fall in, this is the eye injury first aid that you need to do:
- Avoid rubbing your eyes frequently.
- Wash or flush your open eyes with clean water multiple times.
- Roll your eyes while holding up the upper eyelid and the lower eyelid out.
- Consult a doctor if the object does not come out soon.
Chemical burns to the eye
People usually keep the distance from chemicals or wear protective eyewear to prevent injuries. In case of any chemical burns, the eye injury first aid treatment is:
- Do not panic and keep flushing your open eyes with water until the burning sensation reduces.
- Do not close your eyes as it keeps the chemical inside and causes further damage.
- Chemical injuries are dangerous and require immediate professional medical care, so call the doctor as soon as possible.
Puncture wounds and cuts
This is the type of injury that requires immediate medical assistance and professional care. Till the time medical help comes, this is what you should do:
- Do not wash your eyes
- Do not remove any object impaled/embedded inside your eye to prevent further damage.
- Keep your eye shielded from getting in touch with anything.
Eye injury first aid is not a substitute for proper medical treatment, so seek prompt help to ensure minimum damage.